Friday, 12 May 2017 00:00

All About Bunions

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is a deformity in the bones of your foot. Bunions form when your big toe pushes against the toe next to it for a period of time, forcing the joint of your big to grow and protrude.  Smaller bunions (called bunionettes or “tailors’ bunions”) can develop on the joint of your little toe.

What Causes Bunions?

Although the exact cause of bunions is unknown, there are many theories about how they develop. Scientists do know that women are affected more often than men, and that some factors can be pinpointed:

  • Poorly fitting shoes: Frequent wearing of shoes that are too tight, too narrow or too pointed create the specific situation that leads to the development of bunions. There are mixed opinions about the relationship between high heels and bunions.
  • Arthritis: Inflammatory conditions make people more susceptible to bunions.
  • Heredity: The tendency to develop bunions might be because of an inherited structural foot defect.

$1·      Congenital foot defects: Some people are born with foot deformities that lead to bunions.

Symptoms of Bunions

Although bunions can develop without symptoms, it’s more likely that signs will be present for you to notice. Bunion symptoms can include:

$1·       Noticeable changes in your foot shape

$1·       A bulge or bump on the outside of the base of your big toe

$1·       Redness, swelling or tenderness around your big toe joint

$1·       The development of corns or calluses where the first and second toes overlap

$1·       Persistent or periodic discomfort

$1·       Decreased movement of your big toe or foot

$1·       Difficulty finding shoes that fit your feet comfortably

What Can I Do About a Bunion?

You’ll need to begin with a visit to a podiatrist like Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova to have your feet examined and your problem diagnosed. If you have a bunion, conservative treatment including icing, over the counter medication, and padding or splinting may help. If not, surgical intervention might be necessary.

Are you experiencing pain around your big toe?  Boris Abramov, DPM and Tatyana Abramova, DPM see patients with bunions every week. They can diagnosis your condition and work with you to create a personalized treatment plan. Call Abramov’s Comprehensive Foot Care at 443-872-7052 or click here to make a convenient appointment at our Pikesville office today.