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Thursday, 16 February 2017 00:00

Foot Cramps Can Be Prevented

46471114 S feet man barefoot

You may have had the painful experience of waking up in the night with severe pain in your foot or calf. A muscle cramp comes on quickly and unexpectedly and is extremely painful. Sometimes muscles will cramp up after a strenuous run.

A muscle cramp is an involuntary contraction of one or more muscles. Even though the pain is severe, muscle cramps are generally harmless.

What Causes Foot Cramps?

Sudden muscle contractions are commonly caused by overuse after lengthy periods of exercising or work. They appear even more frequently in hot weather. Holding your foot or leg in one position for too long can also bring on a cramp as can dehydration.

Muscle cramps may also signal other potentially serious medical conditions including:

Mineral depletion such as low levels of potassium, calcium or magnesium. Individuals taking high blood pressure medication that contains a diuretic are at risk of losing these vital minerals.

An inadequate blood supply caused by narrowing of the arteries. This can restrict the blood supply to your lower extremities and cause foot and leg cramps, particularly during exercise. The contraction usually eases with resting.

Nerve compression in the spine, called lumbar stenosis, can cause leg cramps that worsen as you walk. Individuals experiencing pain from nerve compression may find relief by walking while bending slightly forward.

Home Remedies Can Ease the Pain of Foot and Leg Cramps

At Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care, we recommend trying one or more of the following to ease your cramp as soon as it starts:

  • Rub the muscle gently while stretching so it will relax.
  • Apply a warm towel or heating pad to ease tight muscles, or let warm water from a shower or bath flow directly onto the muscle.
  • Sometimes the opposite approach is helpful - massage the muscle with ice to relieve pain.
  • For a calf cramp, stand and put your weight on that leg with the knee bent slightly. A similar method is to sit on the floor with your leg extended and stretch your calf by pulling your toes toward your head.

Cramping pain that doesn't go away or that triggers muscle weakness, redness or swelling needs medical care, so call us right away if you observe these symptoms.

Avoid Foot Cramps With Smart Preventive Steps

  • Stay well hydrated. Fluids keep muscle cells hydrated and help them contract and relax. Replenish fluids both during and after exercise, especially in hot weather.
  • Avoid nighttime cramps with a gentle stretch before bedtime.
  • Talk to your doctor about the possibility that your body is depleted of certain minerals. Eating a banana every day is a simple way to replace potassium.

Let Us Know if Your Cramps Continue After Home Care

Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova, doctors of podiatric medicine, have the right experience to deal with persistent foot cramps and any other type of foot and ankle pain. Call us today at 443-872-7052 for an appointment at our Pikesville, Maryland office. You can also request an appointment at the website. Don't let cramping disturb your sleep or workouts - call us today!

Thursday, 09 February 2017 00:00

All About Orthotics

10080899 S orthotics inserts

You may have heard the word "orthotics" before and wondered what they are all about. The word "orthotic" is Greek and means to align or straighten. Orthotics are shoe inserts designed to support and comfort your feet and relieve fatigue.

But orthotics are not like those generic shoe inserts that you can buy at a pharmacy or grocery store.  Orthotics are custom-made just for your feet and designed specifically to treat your particular condition. They will fit only your feet. Over-the-counter shoe inserts may provide temporary relief from pain but will never address any chronic foot issues or biomechanical problems.

Here's an added bonus: If you participate in sports or exercise programs, orthotics can even improve your performance as they help to minimize soft tissue vibrations and aid in stabilizing your joints.

Orthotics Can Resolve Many Foot Conditions

At Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care, we classify orthotics as either functional - to tackle problems with foot and ankle motion such as faulty biomechanics, or accommodative - to relieve pain with extra support and cushioning.

Custom-fitted orthotics can relieve the pain and discomfort of many types of foot and ankle problems including:

  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Arches that are too high
  • Arthritis
  • Ball of the foot pain
  • Bunions
  • Corns and calluses
  • Degenerative diseases
  • Flat feet
  • Foot pain
  • Heel pain
  • Heel spurs
  • Misalignments
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Sports injuries
  • Tendonitis
  • Toe deformities like hammertoe and claw toe

Orthotics can help significantly in pediatric podiatry too, for example with children with flat feet or who "in-toe" when they walk.

How Custom-Fitted Orthotics Work

We will examine your feet carefully and observe your gait as you walk. Since the orthotics will be custom made for you, we'll take a mold of your foot right here in our office.

Custom-made orthotics are built of top-quality materials like rubber, leather, plastic and other synthetic materials. They are much more durable than over-the-counter inserts and will last for years with proper care.

Many of our patients get relief not only from their foot pain, but also see their knee, hip or back pain disappear.

Ask Us about the Many Benefits Custom Made Orthotics

Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova, doctors of podiatric medicine, have successfully relieved our patients' foot pain from many conditions as well as corrected biomechanical problems with custom-fitted orthotics. Call us today at 443-872-7052 for an appointment at our Pikesville, Maryland office. You can also request an appointment at the website. Don't suffer from foot pain - call today to begin the healing process and live pain-free!

Monday, 02 January 2017 00:00

Ingrown Toenails: Causes and Preventions

ingrown-toenailIngrown toenails can occur when too much pressure is exerted on the toenails, typically on the big toenail. Ingrown toenails, if left untreated, are painful and can potentially lead to infection. Understanding your daily routine is vital to prevention. If you exercise often or wear high heels, take heed of your shoes. Improperly-fitting shoes and socks can both contribute to the development of ingrown toenails. Make sure to take proper care of your toenails, keeping your cuticles intact and cutting your toenails straight across.

Ingrown toenails can be an easy fix if treated properly. If you are suffering from an ingrown toenail, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read More about Ingrown Toenails

Monday, 26 December 2016 00:00

Toenail Fungus Remedies

toenail-fungus6As with all toenail fungus infections, symptoms can include thickening and yellowing of the nails. Toenail fungus thrives on dead tissues, dead skin cells, and keratin in our nails. Infections occur when our toenails are subjected to a moist environment, such as sweaty shoes. Toenail fungus often starts in the toenails first, and if left untreated, can spread to your fingernails as well. Treatment involves antifungal drugs and laser therapy. If you have a case of toenail fungus, make sure to maintain proper hygiene of your feet and make sure to dry them properly after washing.

While toenail fungus is troublesome to eradicate, it is not impossible. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a problem which affects many people and is hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating toenail fungus.

Antibiotics & Treatments

Lamisil – is the most commonly effective treatment for toenail fungus. It is available as an antibiotic Terbinafine tablet and cream. Terbinafine is a chemical component which kills fungal growth on the body. Applying regular doses will gradually kill the fungal growth. It is important to keep the area clean and air free.

Talcum powder – applying powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well

Alternative Treatments

There are always surgical procedures that are available for toenail fungus. Some people would like immediate quick removal of toenail fungus. Surgeons will be able to cut through and remove the growth using laser surgery. It is important not to try and remove it yourself. Once removed, your old shoes will need to be replaced to avoid reinfection.  

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Toenail Fungus

Monday, 19 December 2016 00:00

Tips For Training to Run a Marathon

sports-injuryWhen training for your first marathon, it’s important to take the right steps to prepare properly. Giving yourself enough time to train is vital to building up your stamina as well as decreasing the risk of injury. Gradually increase how much you run each time; the “rule of thumb is to increase it by no more than 10 percent each week,” states okinawa.stripes.com. Chart a training plan to record your steps, ensure that you have proper rest after running, invest in properly-fitting running shoes, wear breathable fabric, make sure to hydrate continuously, and know your limits so you do not push your body and feet too hard.

Running injuries, even with proper precautions, can still occur in many runners. If you are suffering from a running injury, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber, this will help you gain better flexibility.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Prevent Running Injuries

diabetic-foot-care4Diabetes is known as a disease that can affect the legs and feet, requiring proper care. According to Diabetes UK, “diabetes leads to 140 lower limb amputations” every week, if left untreated. The disease is known for reducing blood supply to the feet, potentially leading to a loss of feeling, also known as peripheral neuropathy. It’s important to manage your feet as a diabetic patient, taking care to control blood glucose levels, cholesterol and blood pressure. Staying active can also help toward preventing diabetic foot complications. Symptoms of diabetic foot complications can include difficulty walking, difficulty wearing shoes, tingling sensations, swollenness, sores or blisters, change in skin color, hot or cold feelings, calluses, cramps and the loss of hair.

Diabetics must pay special attention to their feet to help prevent any complications. If you believe you are having problems with your diabetic feet, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. Diabetes can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels because blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Care

Monday, 05 December 2016 00:00

Seth Jones Sustains Broken Foot

broken-foot4Blue Jackets defenseman Seth Jones had been playing into overtime with a broken foot injury in the game against the St. Louis Blues. He had noticed blood leaking through the laces after he and Blues forward Patrik Berglund collided. Jones had to be examined by team doctors after the game. It was determined that he had a hairline fracture, which sidelined him for the next three weeks, or 10 games. Jones had kept playing, finishing with 26 minutes and two shifts during overtime.

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury.

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue (foot)
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Broken Feet

foot-pain4Caring for your feet is essential toward overall injury and foot condition prevention, especially if you’re an avid athlete. According to podiatric physicians who offer tips for basketball players, proper equipment, training and preparation are vital toward maintaining foot health. Basketball players are especially prone to acute and chronic injury, so strengthening the muscles is important. Wearing and continually replacing shoes that offer shock absorption and ankle support can also contribute toward a decreased risk of injury.

Regardless of season or weather, everyday foot care should be practiced year round. For more information about everyday foot care, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. After all, without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks. It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before, for example.

For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops.

Also, wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions, please contact one of our offices located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Everyday Foot Care

Monday, 21 November 2016 00:00

Understanding Athlete’s Foot

corns2Athlete’s foot can be characterized as a contagious fungal infection of the feet that can be spread in public areas such as gym locker rooms, pools and spas. Avoid going barefoot in these places, as the chance of infection becomes higher. If you do contract athlete’s foot, you may experience itchy and cracking skin. The U.S. National Library of Medicine recommends the following tips for treating athlete’s foot. Proper hygiene is important toward long-term prevention, so always remember to dry your feet when leaving a wet area such as a swimming pool or shower. Protect your feet by wearing shoes with breathable material and change your socks every day. Sprinkling antifungal powder as a precaution can also help toward long-term prevention.

For more information about how to treat and prevent Athlete’s foot, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speaking to your podiatrist will give you a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as helping you figure out which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Athlete’s Foot

Monday, 14 November 2016 00:00

Understanding Toenail Fungus

broken-toe2Fungal infections are often commonly associated with our fingernails, but they are also known to affect our toenails. If left untreated, toenail fungus can lead to more serious problems such as the impact of blood circulation in the feet. Symptoms of toenail fungus involve pain, discomfort and an impacted ability to wear shoes. Toenails may be discolored, yellow and feel brittle. Proper hygiene is vital to preventing and combating toenail fungus. As the condition is contagious, caused by a species of fungus called trichophyton, it’s important to avoid walking barefoot in public areas. Treatment options include topical creams, oral medications or surgery.

While toenail fungus is troublesome to eradicate, it is not impossible. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a problem which affects many people and is hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating toenail fungus.

Antibiotics & Treatments

Lamisil – is the most commonly effective treatment for toenail fungus. It is available as an antibiotic Terbinafine tablet and cream. Terbinafine is a chemical component which kills fungal growth on the body. Applying regular doses will gradually kill the fungal growth. It is important to keep the area clean and air free.

Talcum powder – applying powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well

Alternative Treatments

There are always surgical procedures that are available for toenail fungus. Some people would like immediate quick removal of toenail fungus. Surgeons will be able to cut through and remove the growth using laser surgery. It is important not to try and remove it yourself. Once removed, your old shoes will need to be replaced to avoid reinfection.  

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Toenail Fungus

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