Thursday, 06 February 2014 13:42

Man Bases Self-Made Shoe from Tradition

mike-moreuA Nelson man named Mike Moreu habitually runs in a pair of self-made leather sandals. Moreu bases the shoe’s concept from the Tarahumara, a tribe in Mexico, citing them as an inspiration. The leather in the shoes becomes reshaped with use, eventually tailoring itself to the feet of the wearer.

Moreu’s main drive for even creating the shoes was when he read about the negative effects of footwear with extra-cushioning in Christopher McDougall’s popular book Born to Run. Moreu said when it comes to past shoes. Moreu said when it comes to past shoes compared to now, "Training for marathons, I used to lose toenails and get blisters all over, but now my feet are completely unscathed, plus there is no chafing,”

When it comes to choosing a running shoe, you need to select shoes that will compliment your feet. For more information and assistance, consult with podiatrist Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry. Dr. Abramov not only provides advice but can even help measure you and recommend shoes that fit your feet.

Choosing the Right Running Shoes for Your Foot Type

Running is a physical activity although fun, can put a lot of stress on the joints, bones and ligaments of the body. Injury and stress on the foot can be an important factor on which kind of shoe you’re wearing. Running shoes should be worn based on your foot type. It is important to find out what fits you based on cushioning, stability and motion.

Determining your type

Speak with a shoe specialist or retail professional to see what your foot type is. They will be able to identify and measure your arch type, stride and gait.

Running Mechanics

When you are running or walking in your shoes, every step determines how your foot is landing. Pronation is the natural rolling of your ankle from outside to inside during foot strike.

Pronation is a correct form of walking or running. It helps absorb shock and store energy from your lower extremities. Neutral runners who pronate correctly do not need specific shoes, since they have stability and control.


Those people who run with excessive ankle rolling. Over-pronators tend to have ankles that angle inward, flat feet, and or bowed legs.

For more information about Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet all your needs.

Read more about Choosing the Right Running Shoe for Your Foot Type.


bunions8Pending the results of further check-ups, National League for Democracy leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi may be unable to attend constitutional amendment rallies this month because of her recent bunion surgery. The procedure went very well, but she needs rest and can’t stand for extended amounts of time yet. She has already decided not to go to an assembly in Maubin. Her doctor, Dr. Tin Myo Win, has suggested that she cancel all public appearances for the next few weeks.

Bone deformities like bunions are painful and uncomfortable. Thankfully, they can be cared for with the help of a podiatrist like Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry. Dr. Abramov can take a look at your bunions and help you determine if an operation is necessary.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is an enlargement of the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The enlargement is formed of swollen tissue or boney growth. This swelling is caused by a shifting of the bones in the big toe inward, impacting the other toes of the foot. The area around the base of the big toe may become inflamed, red, and/or painful.


Genetics – people who are susceptible to bunions are often genetically predisposed.
Stress on the feet – wearing improperly fitting shoes or running and walking with improper form may cause stress on the feet. Wearing high heeled shoes puts the weight from the body onto the toes, causing further stress and bone displacement.


A podiatrist who specializes in foot structure and bio-mechanics will be able to diagnose bunions.
Blood Tests - testing the blood for gout or arthritic conditions can help identify the causes.
Radiological Exam – a podiatrist will request an exam to identify the bunion by taking a look at the bone structure. If the x-ray shows an enlargement of the joint near the base of the toe, shifting toward the smaller toes, this usually indicates a bunion.


Wearing a wider shoe can remove the pressure on the bunion and reduce pain. High heeled shoes should not be worn, as this forces the big toe inward toward the smaller toes.

For more information about Bunions, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet all your needs.

Read more about Bunions.

Monday, 20 January 2014 00:00

Stress Fracture Keeps Dobson off the Field

aaron-dobsonAaron Dobson, a player for the New England Patriots, sustained a stress fracture in his left foot during the team’s recent game against the Buffalo Bill, and had to skip the last practice so it could heal.

That Patriots didn’t have a game this week, since their second-place finish in the AFC gave them a bye for the first round of the playoffs, so the wide receiver had some time to rest his foot. But even so, his future for the rest of the season is uncertain. The team doesn’t know if he’ll have to miss any more practices or even games.

Dealing with a stress fracture can be frustrating. If you have a fracture in your foot or ankle, think about seeing a podiatrist like Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry. Dr. Abramov can give you the professional care and advice you need to help you deal with your injury.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

The Stress Fractures occur on the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  Then the feet and ankles lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection the bones receive the full impact of each step. The stress on the feet causes cracks to form in the bones, thus called stress fractures.

What are Stress Fractures?

Common among individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:
-people affected with Osteoporosis
-play tennis or basketball
-high impact workouts


Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures, and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves in high impact will aggravate pain.


The individual and the degree of injury depend on the fracture of the foot. Some fractures heal very fast while others take a long times and one would need crutches.

- Surgery with support pins around the fracture helps
- A great intake of Calcium and Vitamin-D helps for strong bones

For more information about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet all your needs.

Read more Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle.


biomechanics7Athletes’ unique biomechanics can affect how hard their feet hit the ground when running as much as their weight and speed do.  Biomechanics is harder to calculate than those other factors, but several studies have been done to show that it can be measured and changed. In 2010, scientists at the University of Delaware examined a group of test subjects with particularly hard strides and instructed them on how to change the alignments of their bodies. The alteration was a permanent success, and caused the runners to not only step more softly but to injure themselves less as well.

Biomechanics is very helpful in understanding why runners’ bodies work the way they do. For more information about biomechanics, check with a podiatrist like Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry. Dr. Abrmov will analyze your running technique and give you advice about how to improve your alignment.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body causing an interference with the biological structure and focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.

Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.

Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet all your needs.

Read more about Biomechanics.


antony-jinmanAntony Jinman has journeyed through the South Pole during the 2013 holiday season. With three weeks into the adventure, Jinman had already completed an impressive 230 miles. “I am very happy with my progress,” the Plymouth-born Jinman shared on his personal blog. “I am delighted to have covered 91 nautical miles (about 95 miles) in the last week.”

Jinman has had to pull a 120-kg sled with his supplies, and endured everything from blizzards to foot blisters. This marks the second step in his attempt to complete the Three Poles challenge. He bested the North Pole in 2010 and plans to take on Mt. Everest in 2015.

Blisters on the feet can be uncomfortable and of course painful. If you suffer foot blisters, contact podiatrist Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry. Dr. Abramov can provide you with blister prevention and treatment options.

Blisters on the Feet

When tight or ill-fitting footwear is worn, many times a foot blister may develop. Blisters can even develop by constant rubbing from the shoe, often times leading to pain.

What is a Foot Blister?

A foot blister is a small pocket that is filled with fluid, forming on the upper most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid, and may lead to drainage of blood or pus if the area has become infected.

How do they Form?

Blisters of the feet are almost always the result of shoe rubbing and constant friction of the skin and material. Long periods of walking in shoes, sandals, or boots which don’t fit properly can result in a blister. Those who often have moisture or humidity in the feet are prone to blister formation easily.

Prevention & Treatment

Proper care is vital to alleviate pain and prevent infection to the affected area of the foot. The best treatment is to leave them alone. New skin will develop under the blister and during the healing stages, your blister will pop.

• Do not lance the blister , which can lead to infection
• Place a band-aid over the blister to provide pain relief

For more information about Blisters on the Feet, read the following article.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet all your needs.

Read more about Blisters on the Feet.


childrens-feet10Students in Alicia Reyes Elementary School in Merced, CA were fortunate to have the holidays come a bit early for them. One such lucky recipient was 10 year old Saul Lizarraga, who was one of 70 students fitted for new pairs of shoes from Merced nonprofit group Happy Feet Foundation.

“The purpose is to give children confidence so they feel good about themselves,” learning director Lil Ayala said, adding the importance of giving children new shoes as opposed to footwear that is used or donated.

Staff at the school took measurements of the children’s feet before visiting the store. Some of these children had shoes that were oversized or worn out, while others are forced to wear sandals through the colder months as a result of being the only shoes their families can afford. Ayala said these new shoes can fill an important need. “For some, it’s a big deal,” she said.

Making sure your child’s feet are healthy is important during the growing stages. Seek the help of a podiatrist like Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry.  Dr. Abramov will examine your child’s feet and provide the right care and treatment for them.

Keeping Children's Feet Healthy

Having healthy feet in childhood can help prevent medical problems later in life, namely in the back and legs. As children grow, their feet require different types of care from birth to school-age.

Although babies do not walk yet, it is still very important to take care of their feet.

• Avoid putting tight shoes or socks on his or her feet
• Allow the baby to stretch and kick his or her feet to feel comfortable

As a toddler, kids are now on the move and begin to develop differently. At this age toddlers are getting a feel for walking, so don’t be alarmed if your toddler is unsteady or ‘walks funny’.  Be sure the child wears comfortable and protective shoes so that they can grow into their feet properly.
As your child gets older, it is important to teach them how to take care of their feet

• Be watchful of any pain or injury
• Have all injuries checked by a doctor as soon as possible
• Comfortable, protective shoes should always be worn, especially at play

For more information on keeping your children’s feet healthy, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet all your needs.

Read more on Keeping Children's Feet Healthy.


running injuriesResearchers in Luxembourg studied the differences of training volume, injury rate, shoe usage and other variables involved with running injuries. The study found that runners who wore multiple shoes had a 39% lower risk of injury during the study period as opposed to runners who kept using the same pair.  

Researchers further pointed out that wearing different shoes serve to distribute the impact forces of running differently such as lessening the strain on any given tissue. According to Runner’s World, other research suggests people factor in things such as midsole height and midsole firmness, which creates differences in gait such as stride length and ground reaction time. The researchers further stated that "The concomitant use of different pairs of running shoes will provide alternation in the running pattern and vary external and active forces  on the lower legs during running activity.”

Running injuries often finish the race early. If you sustained a running injury, see podiatrist Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry. Dr. Abramov address any running injuries you have suffered while providing advice on how to prevent subsequent injuries.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. Runner’s knee usually is treated with strengthening exercises focusing on the quad muscles and sports orthotic. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned. Physical therapy can help you learn the best exercises to heal runner’s knee.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?

- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries

- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.

To learn more about How to Prevent Running Injuries, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet all your needs.

Read more about How to Prevent Running Injuries.


high-heel14Yoga instructor Yamuna Zake wishes to help women suffering from heel pain be able to wear the high heels they love. Zake stated that most women abandon heels by the age of 45. Last year, women have been opting for dermal fillings or ‘toe jobs’ in order to make wearing high heels less painful.

 Zake, on the other hand, makes use of a more natural method. This includes incorporating small balls into a sixty minute routine that consists of massaging the feet and learning to evenly distribute weight while walking or standing. While Zake does not necessarily advocate frequent use of wearing high heels, the 59 year old instructor believes it is alright to occasionally don a pair, saying “as long as you are smart and have a healthy foot practice regimen”.

Wearing high heels can cause discomfort or difficulty in standing or walking, if you have concerns over the usage of high heels you should seek the aid of a podiatrist like Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry. Dr. Abramov can provide you with more information on alternative footwear as well as further details on foot and ankle pain you may be experiencing from heels.

Effects of High Heels on the Feet

High heels are popular shoes among women because they are associated with femininity.  Despite their appeal, they can cause many health problems if worn too frequently.

What parts my body will be affected by high heels?

• Ankle Joints
• Achilles Tendon – may shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
• Balls of the Feet
• Knees – heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
• Back – they decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain.  Also, the vertebrae of the lower back may compress.


What kinds of foot problems can develop from wearing high heels?

• Corns
• Calluses
• Hammertoe
• Bunions
• Morton’s Neuroma
• Plantar Fasciitis

How can I still wear high heels and maintain foot health?

If you want to wear high heeled shoes, make sure that you are not wearing them every day, as this will help prevent long term physical problems.  Try wearing thicker heels as opposed to stilettos to distribute weight more evenly across the feet.  Always make sure you are wearing the proper shoes for the right occasion, such as sneakers for exercising. 

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet all your needs.

Read more on High Heels.

stretching Foot pain happens to all of us, but according to the Wall Street Journal, that pain can be managed quite easily. The Journal recommends several easy exercises that can alleviate the pain of overworked or strained feet. One exercises involves extending your legs in front of you while sitting down while moving your toes back and forth. Another stretch utilizes small round object such as a golf ball or tennis ball. This stretch requires you to roll the ball over your foot, providing relief to the nerves. These techniques work for those who spend the day standing or routinely put a lot of stress on their feet.

Stretching is an easy and effective antidote for foot pain. For more information on why you should stretch, see a podiatrist like Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry Dr. Abramov can help you start a proper exercise regimen that involves adequate foot stretching.

Giving Your Feet the Stretch It Needs

Foot pain is very common for people. Our feet carry the entire weight of the human body all day and can be easily strained from overexertion. The feet can receive cramping which can be from any number causes. Pain in the feet can be alleviated without medication and or doctor visits.

How stretching helps:

Stretching relaxes the feet and eases pain whenever performed. It is important to perform stretching slowly and gradually with no force. Stretching should only be held for several seconds, and then relaxed.

Tips to Performing the Perfect Stretch:   

Sit and cross one leg over the other by pulling the toes carefully back without overextending. Start by resting the left ankle on the right knee. With the left hand, gently flex the left foot by pulling back on the toes. Do not pull too hard, just hard enough to feel the stretch in the arch of the foot. Then point the toes of the left foot as far as you can. Rotate the motion of pointing with pulling back on the toes.

The stretch should be performed 10 to 20 times. Repeat the whole process with the other leg.

To learn more about Stretching the Feet, follow the link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland.  We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to suit your needs.

Read more about Stretching the Feet.


diabetic-foot-care7Alongside members of the Healogics network, experts at Southeastern Wound Healing Center say that for every hour seven people across the country lose a foot or leg due to diabetes.
“The disease is responsible for being the leading cause of lower-limb amputations not caused by accidents,” according to Southeastern Health.

During the healing process, diabetic patients are confronted with multiple challenges. Not only do diabetics suffer from impaired circulation, but also a diminished ability to sense the earliest stages of foot injury due to disease-associated nerve damage. Physicians at SWHC recommend people with diabetes manually inspect their feet daily and seek immediate care if a wound in the lower extremity has increased pain.

If you suffer from diabetes, consult with podiatrist Dr. Boris Abramov of Pikesville Podiatry Dr. Abramov can ensure your feet remain healthy while providing you with any treatment options for any complications that arise from diabetes.

Foot Care for Diabetics

Diabetes is a condition that affects millions of people annually. The condition affects blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. When damage from diabetes occurs to nerves in the feet, they may be unable to send proper signaling to the peripheral nervous system, resulting in neuropathy. If a diabetic patient develops neuropathy, it is important to provide good care for the feet to avoid the risk of amputation.

Caring for Diabetic Feet

- Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
- Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
- Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Be sure to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet. For diabetic patients, the risk of amputation and sepsis increases if medical treatment is not sought right away, especially when it comes to the feet. Early treatment and routine foot inspection are keys to maintaining good health.
To learn more about diabetic foot health, please follow link below.

If you have any questions, feel free to contact our office in Maryland. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technologies to suit your needs.

Read the full article on Diabetic Foot Care.


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