Friday, 17 March 2017 00:00

Preventing Warts

Almost everyone will get a wart at some point. Centuries ago, people believed that warts were caused by contact with frogs or toads but, of course, that’s not true. Warts are caused by contact with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).

Too small to be seen, the virus enters the body through the top layer of skin then causes a sudden and explosive growth of skin cells in the layer below, resulting in a small bump that we call a wart.

Exposure to HPV is inescapable. You come into contact with it at home and in public spaces. We encounter various strains of HPV when we touch objects, when we walk without socks and shoes, and when we touch others, for example by shaking hands. Most of the time, this contact is harmless and goes unnoticed.  Once in a while, a wart occurs but, with care, you can prevent them!

Here are seven simple steps you can take to minimize your risk:

Wash your hands often. Use warm water and soap and lather for at least 20 seconds. That’s the amount of time it takes to sing Happy Birthday in your head twice.

The virus thrives in warm, humid places. Avoid walking barefoot in public showers and on swimming pool decks.

Dry your feet if they get damp or wet.

The virus gets in through nicks and cuts.  Make sure your feet are healthy and well maintained.

Don’t share socks and shoes with others.

Regularly spray shoes with disinfectant. This kills any virus living there.

Never touch a wart, even on your own body.

If you have a wart, keep it covered with a bandage to prevent it from spreading. Never rub it or pick at it. Unfortunately, without intervention, your wart isn’t going to go. Over the counter remedies are not effective and the at-home solutions can do more harm than good. A podiatrist can help you get rid of that wart once and for all.

Do you have a wart that needs treatment? Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova are here to help you. Our convenient Pikesville office is equipped with state of the art technology to maximize effectiveness and minimize discomfort. Call us at 443-872-7052 or click here to schedule a convenient appointment at Abramov’s Comprehensive Foot Care today.

Wednesday, 08 March 2017 00:00

Stay Safe At the Nail Salon

Are you looking for a low-cost way to relax and pamper yourself for an hour or two? A salon pedicure is a terrific option! Most salons are clean and safe, but not all are.  Every time you hop into that massaging pedicure chair, you run the risk of infection. When sanitary practices are inadequate, transmission of bacteria, plantar warts, or nail fungus can take place.

Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova are specialists with over 30 years of experience in the diagnosis, treatment and surgery of all sorts of foot and ankle issues.  They recommend the following steps to minimize your risk at the nail salon:

Don’t shave your legs the night before or day of a pedicure.  Viruses and bacteria can enter your body through tiny cuts and nicks.

Look around! Do you see an up-to-date license on the wall? Does the salon look clean and well-maintained? Do you see employees sweeping and cleaning? Are the footbaths being scrubbed between customers or, better yet, are they covered with disposable plastic liners? If you are comfortable with the level of cleanliness at the salon, leave…even if it means walking out on an appointment.

Make sure that the nail technician is wearing disposable surgical-style gloves.

If possible, bring your own tools. It’s the best way to make sure that nothing touches your feet may have been contaminated by someone else.

If you can’t provide your own tools, investigate the salon’s sterilization techniques. UV sterilizers, which look like small toasters, don’t kill bacteria.  Soaking tools in a glass jar of turquoise-colored solution (a combination of water and tuberculoidal disinfectant) is preferred. Each station should have its own container.

Avoid sharp blades around your feet. Don’t let the nail tech use a razor or grater to remove calluses and ask her or him not to cut your cuticles.

Allow time for your nails to dry. UV light may save time, but it’s not good for your skin.

The infections that your feet might pick up at the nail salon can be unpleasant and unsightly. If left untreated, they can turn into real problems! Abramov’s Comprehensive Foot Care treats patients with these infections every day. If you are concerned that you have an infection, call us at 443-872-7052 right away. We’ll be happy to schedule an appointment for you to see Dr. Boris Abramov or Dr. Tayana Abramova in our Pikesville office at your convenience. Your feet will be back to perfect health in no time!

Wednesday, 01 March 2017 00:00

Give a Great Foot Rub

Deepen your relationship! Give your sweetheart the gift of touch with a foot massage. A good foot rub offers benefits to the body mind and spirit. Among its many benefits:

Massage can alleviate feelings of anxiety and depression.

PMS sufferers report decreased symptoms after a massage.

Massaging the feet provides relaxation and stress relief. Sleep improves after massage.

Circulation improves after massage. People with diabetes and Reynaud’s Disease especially benefit.

It can help improve circulation. This is especially important for people with diabetes.

Headaches, including migraines, can decrease with regular massage.

There’s the why of foot massage, but what about the how? Giving your first massage can feel intimidating, but don’t worry…you can’t do it wrong! Even a so-so massage feels great after a long day.

You’ll need some massage oil or lotion. These are easily and inexpensively purchased at any drug store. Start with a dime-sized dollop. You an always add more.

Rub the oil or lotion into the skin and nails of the entire foot.

Pull the toes apart and interlace your fingers between them. Wiggle them back and forth, toward the sole and the top of the foot.  Gently tug each one away from the foot.

Use both hands to massage the entire foot, covering the toes, arch and heel. Ask if the pressure is too light or too hard. Discover how it feels to use your thumbs, your fingers, and your knuckles.

Massage each foot one at a time and together.

Remember to cover feet with socks after massage – they can be slippery!

Is someone you love experiencing pain in his or her foot or ankle? Are you? Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abromova can diagnose and treat the source of your discomfort. Together they have more than 30 years of experience and they can get you back on your feet in no time!

Call the friendly staff of Abramov’s Comprehensive Foot Care at 443-872-7052 or click here to reach us via the web. We can make an appointment in our convenient Pikesville office and help you start feeling better right away.

It's a fact - growing pains can be real.

Has your child complained of heel pain or had trouble walking? He may be suffering from Sever's disease. With this condition, the heel bone grows too fast during a growth spurt, causing the tendons and muscles to stretch too far.

The pain can be aggravated by certain sports that involve a lot of running and jumping on hard surfaces including basketball, gymnastics and soccer. Also, because of the pronounced stiffness of soccer cleats, wearing this footwear can make the condition even worse.

Because Sever's disease occurs during a growth spurt, the risk of having this condition differs for boys and girls because their growth spurts happen at different ages. Boys have a greater chance of Sever's disease between ages 10-15, while girls' growth spurts appear earlier at ages 8-13.

Watch your child for:

  • Heel pain that worsens with running and jumping actions, then improves with rest.
  • Tenderness and tightness at the back of the heels that gets worse when squeezed.
  • Swelling, redness or pain at the heel.
  • Limping or difficulty walking or even walking on tiptoes.

The good news? Sever's disease disappears when the child is full grown because the foot muscles and tendons have caught up to the growth of the heel bone. Until then, equip your child with appropriate well-cushioned and supportive shoes for each sport and discourage over-training.

Diagnosing and Treating Sever's Disease

At Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care, we'll discuss your child's sports activities along with the history of pain and other symptoms. We will confirm our diagnosis of Sever's disease by squeezing the heel area to observe if it is painful.

It's important to reduce stress on the heel bone. The child must rest and avoid sports until he is pain-free. Also:

  • Ice the inflamed area.
  • With a doctor's permission, ease the pain and inflammation with anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen or ibuprofen.
  • Add inserts to supportive shoes to reduce stress on the heel bone, especially with other foot abnormalities present such as flat feet or high arches.
  • Perform regular stretching exercises or physical therapy.

If the pain is severe and these methods don't provide relief, a cast can force the heel to rest.

When the pain and inflammation have eased, the child can gradually resume regular activities.

We Can Help With Any Pediatric Foot and Ankle Concern

Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova, doctors of podiatric medicine, have extensive experience with pediatric foot and ankle problems of all kinds. Call us today at 443-872-7052 for an appointment at our Pikesville, Maryland office. You can also request an appointment at the website. Your child does not have to suffer from the pain of Sever's disease - we can help!

Thursday, 16 February 2017 00:00

Foot Cramps Can Be Prevented

46471114 S feet man barefoot

You may have had the painful experience of waking up in the night with severe pain in your foot or calf. A muscle cramp comes on quickly and unexpectedly and is extremely painful. Sometimes muscles will cramp up after a strenuous run.

A muscle cramp is an involuntary contraction of one or more muscles. Even though the pain is severe, muscle cramps are generally harmless.

What Causes Foot Cramps?

Sudden muscle contractions are commonly caused by overuse after lengthy periods of exercising or work. They appear even more frequently in hot weather. Holding your foot or leg in one position for too long can also bring on a cramp as can dehydration.

Muscle cramps may also signal other potentially serious medical conditions including:

Mineral depletion such as low levels of potassium, calcium or magnesium. Individuals taking high blood pressure medication that contains a diuretic are at risk of losing these vital minerals.

An inadequate blood supply caused by narrowing of the arteries. This can restrict the blood supply to your lower extremities and cause foot and leg cramps, particularly during exercise. The contraction usually eases with resting.

Nerve compression in the spine, called lumbar stenosis, can cause leg cramps that worsen as you walk. Individuals experiencing pain from nerve compression may find relief by walking while bending slightly forward.

Home Remedies Can Ease the Pain of Foot and Leg Cramps

At Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care, we recommend trying one or more of the following to ease your cramp as soon as it starts:

  • Rub the muscle gently while stretching so it will relax.
  • Apply a warm towel or heating pad to ease tight muscles, or let warm water from a shower or bath flow directly onto the muscle.
  • Sometimes the opposite approach is helpful - massage the muscle with ice to relieve pain.
  • For a calf cramp, stand and put your weight on that leg with the knee bent slightly. A similar method is to sit on the floor with your leg extended and stretch your calf by pulling your toes toward your head.

Cramping pain that doesn't go away or that triggers muscle weakness, redness or swelling needs medical care, so call us right away if you observe these symptoms.

Avoid Foot Cramps With Smart Preventive Steps

  • Stay well hydrated. Fluids keep muscle cells hydrated and help them contract and relax. Replenish fluids both during and after exercise, especially in hot weather.
  • Avoid nighttime cramps with a gentle stretch before bedtime.
  • Talk to your doctor about the possibility that your body is depleted of certain minerals. Eating a banana every day is a simple way to replace potassium.

Let Us Know if Your Cramps Continue After Home Care

Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova, doctors of podiatric medicine, have the right experience to deal with persistent foot cramps and any other type of foot and ankle pain. Call us today at 443-872-7052 for an appointment at our Pikesville, Maryland office. You can also request an appointment at the website. Don't let cramping disturb your sleep or workouts - call us today!

Thursday, 09 February 2017 00:00

All About Orthotics

10080899 S orthotics inserts

You may have heard the word "orthotics" before and wondered what they are all about. The word "orthotic" is Greek and means to align or straighten. Orthotics are shoe inserts designed to support and comfort your feet and relieve fatigue.

But orthotics are not like those generic shoe inserts that you can buy at a pharmacy or grocery store.  Orthotics are custom-made just for your feet and designed specifically to treat your particular condition. They will fit only your feet. Over-the-counter shoe inserts may provide temporary relief from pain but will never address any chronic foot issues or biomechanical problems.

Here's an added bonus: If you participate in sports or exercise programs, orthotics can even improve your performance as they help to minimize soft tissue vibrations and aid in stabilizing your joints.

Orthotics Can Resolve Many Foot Conditions

At Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care, we classify orthotics as either functional - to tackle problems with foot and ankle motion such as faulty biomechanics, or accommodative - to relieve pain with extra support and cushioning.

Custom-fitted orthotics can relieve the pain and discomfort of many types of foot and ankle problems including:

  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Arches that are too high
  • Arthritis
  • Ball of the foot pain
  • Bunions
  • Corns and calluses
  • Degenerative diseases
  • Flat feet
  • Foot pain
  • Heel pain
  • Heel spurs
  • Misalignments
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Sports injuries
  • Tendonitis
  • Toe deformities like hammertoe and claw toe

Orthotics can help significantly in pediatric podiatry too, for example with children with flat feet or who "in-toe" when they walk.

How Custom-Fitted Orthotics Work

We will examine your feet carefully and observe your gait as you walk. Since the orthotics will be custom made for you, we'll take a mold of your foot right here in our office.

Custom-made orthotics are built of top-quality materials like rubber, leather, plastic and other synthetic materials. They are much more durable than over-the-counter inserts and will last for years with proper care.

Many of our patients get relief not only from their foot pain, but also see their knee, hip or back pain disappear.

Ask Us about the Many Benefits Custom Made Orthotics

Dr. Boris Abramov and Dr. Tatyana Abramova, doctors of podiatric medicine, have successfully relieved our patients' foot pain from many conditions as well as corrected biomechanical problems with custom-fitted orthotics. Call us today at 443-872-7052 for an appointment at our Pikesville, Maryland office. You can also request an appointment at the website. Don't suffer from foot pain - call today to begin the healing process and live pain-free!

Monday, 02 January 2017 00:00

Ingrown Toenails: Causes and Preventions

ingrown-toenailIngrown toenails can occur when too much pressure is exerted on the toenails, typically on the big toenail. Ingrown toenails, if left untreated, are painful and can potentially lead to infection. Understanding your daily routine is vital to prevention. If you exercise often or wear high heels, take heed of your shoes. Improperly-fitting shoes and socks can both contribute to the development of ingrown toenails. Make sure to take proper care of your toenails, keeping your cuticles intact and cutting your toenails straight across.

Ingrown toenails can be an easy fix if treated properly. If you are suffering from an ingrown toenail, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.


  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition


Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.


Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read More about Ingrown Toenails

Monday, 26 December 2016 00:00

Toenail Fungus Remedies

toenail-fungus6As with all toenail fungus infections, symptoms can include thickening and yellowing of the nails. Toenail fungus thrives on dead tissues, dead skin cells, and keratin in our nails. Infections occur when our toenails are subjected to a moist environment, such as sweaty shoes. Toenail fungus often starts in the toenails first, and if left untreated, can spread to your fingernails as well. Treatment involves antifungal drugs and laser therapy. If you have a case of toenail fungus, make sure to maintain proper hygiene of your feet and make sure to dry them properly after washing.

While toenail fungus is troublesome to eradicate, it is not impossible. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a problem which affects many people and is hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating toenail fungus.

Antibiotics & Treatments

Lamisil – is the most commonly effective treatment for toenail fungus. It is available as an antibiotic Terbinafine tablet and cream. Terbinafine is a chemical component which kills fungal growth on the body. Applying regular doses will gradually kill the fungal growth. It is important to keep the area clean and air free.

Talcum powder – applying powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well

Alternative Treatments

There are always surgical procedures that are available for toenail fungus. Some people would like immediate quick removal of toenail fungus. Surgeons will be able to cut through and remove the growth using laser surgery. It is important not to try and remove it yourself. Once removed, your old shoes will need to be replaced to avoid reinfection.  

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Toenail Fungus

Monday, 19 December 2016 00:00

Tips For Training to Run a Marathon

sports-injuryWhen training for your first marathon, it’s important to take the right steps to prepare properly. Giving yourself enough time to train is vital to building up your stamina as well as decreasing the risk of injury. Gradually increase how much you run each time; the “rule of thumb is to increase it by no more than 10 percent each week,” states Chart a training plan to record your steps, ensure that you have proper rest after running, invest in properly-fitting running shoes, wear breathable fabric, make sure to hydrate continuously, and know your limits so you do not push your body and feet too hard.

Running injuries, even with proper precautions, can still occur in many runners. If you are suffering from a running injury, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How to Prevent Running Injuries

Many common running injuries are caused by overuse and overtraining. When the back of the kneecap starts wearing out and starts causing pain in your knee, this is commonly referred to as runner’s knee. Runner’s knee is a decrease in strength in your quadriceps and can occur if you’re not wearing properly fitted or supporting shoes. To prevent runner’s knee, focusing on hip strengthening is a good idea, as well as strengthening your quads to keep the kneecaps aligned.

What Are Some Causes of Running Injuries?
- One cause of a common running injury is called iliotibial band syndrome.
- Plantar fasciitis is also another common injury.
- Stress fractures can occur from overtraining, lack of calcium, or even your running style.

Best Ways to Prevent Running Injuries
- Wear footwear that fits properly and suits your running needs.
- Running shoes are the only protective gear that runners have to safeguard them from injury.
- Make a training schedule. Adding strengthening exercises as well as regular stretching can help keep you strong and limber and can lessen the possibility of injuries.
- Stretching keeps muscles limber, this will help you gain better flexibility.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Prevent Running Injuries

diabetic-foot-care4Diabetes is known as a disease that can affect the legs and feet, requiring proper care. According to Diabetes UK, “diabetes leads to 140 lower limb amputations” every week, if left untreated. The disease is known for reducing blood supply to the feet, potentially leading to a loss of feeling, also known as peripheral neuropathy. It’s important to manage your feet as a diabetic patient, taking care to control blood glucose levels, cholesterol and blood pressure. Staying active can also help toward preventing diabetic foot complications. Symptoms of diabetic foot complications can include difficulty walking, difficulty wearing shoes, tingling sensations, swollenness, sores or blisters, change in skin color, hot or cold feelings, calluses, cramps and the loss of hair.

Diabetics must pay special attention to their feet to help prevent any complications. If you believe you are having problems with your diabetic feet, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, DPM of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. Diabetes can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels because blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Care

Page 3 of 15