Blog
Monday, 28 March 2016 00:00

Stress Fracture Risks Linked to Gene

stress-fracturesAccording to a new study conducted by the University of Liverpool, a new gene in the body may be linked to higher risks of stress fracture injuries. The gene, P2X7R, is believed to cause decreased bone mineral density and increased bone loss in women who are post-menopausal. Stress fractures are injuries induced by fatigue, caused by repeated pressure to the bone over a long period of time. Stress fractures are common among athletes or those who do a lot of physical activity. Research findings were still very limited, but they concluded a possible link between the gene and risk of stress fracture injuries.

Stress fractures can become painful if left untreated for an extended period of time. If you would like assistance in treating a stress fracture, visit Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will assess your injury and provide you with quality treatment.

Coping with Podiatric Stress Fractures

Stress Fractures occur on the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken as a result of overexertion or underuse. As a result, the ankles and feet lose support when walking or running from the ground. Since these bones are not protected, they receive the full impact of each step. The stress on the feet causes the bones to form cracks.

What are Stress Fractures?

Stress Fractures are very common among those who are highly active and involved in sports or activities that make excessive use of their legs and feet. Stress fractures are especially common among:

-athletes (gymnasts, tennis players, basketball players)
-runners/joggers
-osteoporosis patients
-those who engage in high-intensity workouts

Stress Fracture Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures, and can be either constant or periodic. The pain is usually sharp or dull, accompanied by swelling and tenderness. Engagement in any kind of high impact activity will exacerbate the pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Stress Fractures

corns2High heels are a common shoe trend among women, but it’s important to wear them in moderation. High heels are extremely damaging as it puts uneven pressure on the feet, especially during extensive physical activity. Wearing high heels for too long can lead to irritation and pain in the heel, arches, and the ball of the foot. After wearing high heels, opt for massaging your feet to get circulation going and ice your feet to treat any pain or discomfort. Flats are recommended as an alternative to high heels if you need to wear formal or professional shoes.

High heels can create a myriad of foot and ankle problems. For assistance, visit Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will assess your injury and provide you with quality treatment.

Effects of High Heels on the Feet

High heels are popular shoes among women because they are associated with femininity. Despite their appeal, they can cause many health problems if worn too frequently.

What parts my body will be affected by high heels?

  • Ankle Joints
  • Achilles Tendon – may shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
  • Balls of the Feet
  • Knees – heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
  • Back – they decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain. Also, the vertebrae of the lower back may compress.

What kinds of foot problems can develop from wearing high heels?

  • Corns
  • Calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Morton’s Neuroma
  • Plantar Fasciitis

How can I still wear high heels and maintain foot health?

If you want to wear high heeled shoes, make sure that you are not wearing them every day, as this will help prevent long term physical problems. Try wearing thicker heels as opposed to stilettos to distribute weight more evenly across the feet. Always make sure you are wearing the proper shoes for the right occasion, such as sneakers for exercising. If you walk to work, try carrying your heels with you and changing into them once you arrive at work. Adding inserts to your heels can help cushion your feet and absorb shock; you can buy either full inserts or metatarsal pads.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about the effects of high heels.

pregnancy6If you find yourself changing shoe sizes while pregnant, that is because of edema, your body retaining water during your pregnancy phase. You’ll find your whole body, especially your feet and toes, swelling during pregnancy. Hormonal changes in your body and weight gain are also other aspects of pregnancy that can put further pressure on your feet. Make sure to drink lots of fluid, keep your feet elevated, and buy comfortable clothes and shoes to accompany your changing body.   

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, visit Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will assess your injury and provide you with quality treatment.

What foot problems can arise during pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is over-pronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward. This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy, but tends to occur in the later stages.

How can I keep my feet healthy during pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read the more about Pregnancy and Foot Health

childrens-feetOveruse injuries occur when there is repeated stress to the body without any rest in between. Growing adolescents are the most prone to overuse injuries as their skeletons are still developing. Young athletes who practice often without any breaks and who suffer overuse injuries become subject to more serious injuries. Sports medicine experts and trainers are one such solution for helping young athletes recover from and rehabilitate their injuries. Recommendations published by the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine in 2014 suggested that young athletes limit their strenuous physical activity and take rest periods often.

Regardless of season or weather, everyday foot care should be practiced year round. For more information about everyday foot care, visit Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will assess your injury and provide you with quality treatment.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. After all, without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks. It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before, for example.

For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops.

Also, wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Everyday Foot Care

diabetic-footcareProperly taking care of your feet daily is an important first step if you’re a diabetic. “Currently in the world, 1 in 11 adults has diabetes, and 1 in 2 adults with diabetes is undiagnosed.” If diabetes is not managed, nerve damage can be one consequence if blood sugar levels become too high. Foot injuries can also lead to infections if not treated immediately. Feet should be inspected daily for foot ulcers, and visit your podiatrist often to check circulation in your feet.

Diabetics must pay special attention to their feet to help prevent any complications. If you believe you are having problems with your diabetic feet, visit Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will assess your injury and provide you with quality treatment.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. Diabetes can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels because blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Care

Monday, 22 February 2016 00:00

Cryotherapy can treat Rheumatoid Arthritis

fractures1Cryotherapy is emerging as a possible therapy solution for those who have health problems. Although cryotherapy is used by doctors today to treat cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and speed up recovery time for injuries, cryotherapy is not a common practice and requires more studies behind its effects. The new treatment employs sub-freezing temperatures, which patients expose themselves to while naked. The cold is said to help improve health conditions by stimulating the functions that regulate the body. Patients who participated in cryotherapy sessions submerge their bodies for 2-3 minutes, which leads to the skin’s temperature dropping by 30 to 50 degrees.

Understanding where RA starts will help treat and prevent the condition. If you are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, contact Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Severe pain and immobility are caused by an inflammation of the lining of your joints, and in worse cases the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone can occur.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, many cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area. Pain will often initially present in the toes before the condition worsens and spreads throughout the entire foot.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of the feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that your podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor may ask you about your medical history and lifestyle to help determine possible causes of your RA.

Treatment

Unfortunately, there is no cure for RA, so treatment options are designed to specifically target the symptoms of it, most notably the pain it causes. Two types of anti-inflammatory drugs – non-steroidal or NSAIDs and corticosteroids – may be prescribed by your doctor. In some severe cases where the joints are too badly damaged, surgery may be an option. As always, speak with your podiatrist to help determine the appropriate treatment options available to you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about rheumatoid arthritis

Monday, 15 February 2016 00:00

Dez Bryant remains on Injured Reserve

fractureDez Bryant has been on injured reserve after undergoing surgery for both his foot and ankle. The news of Bryant’s placement on injured reserve was originally shared at the end of December by Dallas Cowboys coach Jason Garrett. Bryant had originally broken his right foot in Week 1 during a game against the New York Giants. He had returned to the field during the November 1st game against the Seattle Seahawks but reportedly not one hundred percent himself.  

A broken foot requires immediate medical attention and treatment to prevent exacerbation. If you are seeking treatment for a broken foot, visit Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will assess your injury and provide you with quality treatment.

Broken Foot Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

A broken foot is caused by one of the bones in the foot typically breaking when bended, crushed, or stretched beyond its natural capabilities. Usually the location of the fracture indicates how the break occurred, whether it was through an object, fall, or any other type of injury.

Common Symptoms of Broken Feet:

  • Bruising
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Blue (foot)
  • Numbness
  • Cold
  • Misshapen
  • Cuts
  • Deformities

Those that suspect they have a broken foot shoot seek urgent medical attention where a medical professional could diagnose the severity.

Treatment for broken bones varies depending on the cause, severity and location. Some will require the use of splints, casts or crutches while others could even involve surgery to repair the broken bones. Personal care includes the use of ice and keeping the foot stabilized and elevated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Broken Feet

Monday, 08 February 2016 00:00

What to Know About Functional Hallux Limitus

bunions7According to podiatrist Dr. Howard Dananberg, functional hallux limitus (FHL) exists as a condition that affects the great toe joint in the foot. FHL differs from the more commonly known hallux limitus in that muscle motion in the joint becomes blocked when weight or pressure is applied. Symptoms of pain or inflammation usually do not show in the toe joint during normal activity like walking, therefore FHL is a subtle condition. FHL can also lead to inflammation in the lower back and neck, affecting the motion of your heels and legs. Dr. Howard Dananberg recommends orthotics and physically treating your muscles as solutions to FHL.

Untreated hallux limitus can become very painful. For more information about foot care, consult with Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will provide you with the foot- and ankle information you seek.

What You Need To Know About Hallux Limitus

Hallux limitus is a medical condition which stands for “stiff toe.” This is an arthritic condition in which movement of the big toe is constrained. The pain is usually allocated between the large toe and foot.

Symptoms

Toe pain is common, therefore many people tend to overlook this issue and believe it’s nothing serious. But, if you notice sharp pain, bone growths, tightness around the joint and even changes in the way you walk. It is vital to see a podiatrist before your condition worsens.  

How Do I Get It?

Genetics – hallux limitus can be inherited from your parents, or someone can be who is born with a predisposition to arthritis as well.

Injury – overuse can cause trauma to the joints leading to extra bone growth and wear away the cartilage.

Treatment

Lifestyle & Physical Therapy – having motion and massages to the given area will help slow down complications and gradually increase flexibility.

R.I.C.E. – stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation. Combining the R.I.C.E method with other treatments is proven effective.

Surgery

If there are no signs of improvement, surgery will be the final option. Surgeries performed are the arthrodesis which fuses the joint. The cheilectomy is when the joint is cleaned of scar tissue, therefore the toe can move freely.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Hallux Limitus

heel-pain01Last month Amir Johnson of the Boston Celtics had suffered a case of plantar fasciitis, causing him to miss two practices in one weekend. Johnson had been receiving treatment for the injury for a couple of weeks. The Celtics player spent some time in a boot to be conservative and has dealt with injuries before. Brad Stevens shared, “He’s been getting (the plantar fasciitis) treated. I never know to what extent it affects each of these guys. But certainly that’s something that you just have to keep a good pulse on and treat well. A lot of these guys have little nagging things like that.”

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. For more information about everyday foot care, consult with Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will provide you with the foot- and ankle information you seek.

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

·     Excessive running

·     Non-supportive shoes

·     Overpronation

·     Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

 

How Can It Be Treated?

·     Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices

·     Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis

·     Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

 

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis

rheumatoid-arthritis2The homeless population of Iran have been benefiting from ‘walls of kindness’ that have been erected throughout the country. The walls—which sport hooks, hangers, and a shoe rack—invite passersby to donate important clothing items such as shoes—a necessity in foot care—to the homeless. Instructions painted next to the donation point state, “If you don’t need it, leave it. If you need it, take it.” The initiative was believed to have started in the northeastern city of Mashhad, spreading quickly due to a harsh winter and the country’s recent economic hardship. The individual who started the walls wishes to remain anonymous.

Regardless of season or weather, everyday foot care should be practiced year round. For more information about everyday foot care, consult with Dr. Boris Abramov, D.P.M. of Abramov's Comprehensive Foot Care. Dr. Abramov will provide you with the foot- and ankle information you seek.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. After all, without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks. It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before, for example.

For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops.

Also, wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office, located in Pikesville, MD. We offer the latest in diagnostic and treatment technology to meet your needs.

Read more about Everyday Foot Care

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